Stendhal (Marie-Henri Beyle)
Grenoble 1783-Paris 1842. A scholar of art and music and of Italy (biographies and history books) and author of Rome, Naples and Florence under the pseudonym Stendhal (Winkelmann’s city in Germany). One of the greatest 19th-century French writers, with novels such as The Red and the Black (1830) and The Charterhouse of Parma (1839). French consul in Italy, frequented the intellectual circles of Milan, especially from 1814 to 1821.