Filippo Tommaso Marinetti

Alexandria 1876-Bellagio 1944. A poet, writer and founder of the Futurist movement. Baccalauréat in Paris, graduated in Law in Genoa. First poems in French, ambivalent relationship with D’Annunzio. From 1905 to 1909 edited Poesia magazine, later the official organ of Futurism. Promoted the Futurist Manifesto (1908) against decadentism, published on the front page of the Figaro. Launched the manifesto Against Traditionalist Venice. Fiercely pro-war in the Italian-Turkish War. In Russia in ’14 to meet with Russian Futurists, led anti-Austrian propaganda when Italy entered the war. Two medals for bravery, disagreement with D’Annunzio over Fiume, in ’19 he was at Mussolini’s gathering in Piazza San Sepolcro. Upheld the originality of Futurism with regard to Fascism (against the monarchy and the Vatican). Left politics and returned to literature. At the height of Dadaism in Paris, described as the caffeine of Europe, but he signed the Manifesto of Fascist Intellectuals in ’25 and Mussolini wanted him for the Academy of Italy against rampant xenophilia. Took part in the war in Ethiopia in ’36 and, aged 66, in the ARMIR expedition in Russia. Memorial work: Great Traditional and Futurist Milan. Joined the Repubblica Sociale Italiana. Last work: Quarter Hour of Poetry of the Xth MAS

Carlo Maria Martini
Ercole Marelli