Milan 1785- Hospental 1846. Of an aristocratic pro-Austrian family, he chose the patriotic cause. In 1814 he roused the crowd against the Napoleonic regime, leading to the lynching of Giuseppe Prina, the finance minister, for which he had years of lawsuits. Founded Il Conciliatore, joining the Carboneria. Took part in the 1821 uprising, arrested by the Austrians and sentenced to death (commuted to life imprisonment in the Spielberg, and later to exile in America). He returned clandestinely in 1937 and went to live in Mendrisio to continue the insurgency. Died while travelling between Paris and Milan.