Modena 1885-Paris 1960. Jewish by faith, he saved many Jews from Nazi persecution in the part of France occupied by the Italians. A graduate in Jurisprudence, he fought in the war. In France also consul general of San Marino. Director of the Banca Franco-Italiana in Nice, he continued to transfer Jews to Palestine with clandestine transit through Italy. Escaped capture by the Nazis in Italy; appointed by the Government to head the Red Cross. With Saragat, the ambassador in Paris, he worked to liberate Italians from internment camps. Italian Gold Medal for Civil Merit.